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Editorial : Food security with equity through social and technological innovations

Dr. Olcay Ünver

Abstract


Chronic hunger is on the rise following a steady decline of a decade; adult obesity is increasing in all regions irrespective of level of economic development; and childhood obesity is increasing in most regions. The prevalence and number of deaths due to overweight and obesity are now greater than those due to underweight and hunger. One third of land on a global scale has been lost to erosion and pollution over the past four decades; and half of the world’s topsoil has been lost in the past 150 years. Major decreases in the insect biomass around the world further add to the concerns, among others, for the future of agricultural production. Against this background, we must meet the needs of a projected global population of approximately 10 billion people, who will demand 50% more food and another 50% more water than those in 2012. The gap between supply and demand could be as high as 40% by 2030. Yet, one third of all food produced globally is lost or wasted, and water-use efficiencies remain far below attainable levels.

 


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